What is self-esteem?
Self-esteem is the level to which an individual values, appreciates and approves of themselves. Typically, low self-esteem is linked to negative life-consequences, whilst higher self-esteem is linked to relatively more positive life experiences.
Common factors associated with low self-esteem
- Childhood abuse
Individuals with experience of abuse in childhood are more likely to have low self esteem
- Cultural or environmental expectations
Failure to adhere to the societal expectations or values of one’s society can lower one’s self-esteem due to a decreased sense of belonging and increased feelings of guilt
Research has found that men are more likely to have lower self-esteem than women
- Abusive relationships
Relationship abuse can disrupt one’s sense of independence and increase feelings of shame, which in turn, can decrease self-esteem levels
How to build your self esteem and where to seek support
There are several things you can do to improve your self-esteem, which include:
- Finding and joining a support group
Connecting and sharing with others who are struggling can increase one's sense of belonging, as well as providing a safe space to communicate one’s feelings. Support group programs or events can be found in various settings hosted by government, non-profit organizations, or community services. You can head to Seribu Tujuan for several help options.
- Participating in programs dedicated to increasing self-esteem
Research has found that early childhood and adolescent intervention, such as self-esteem-based education and guidance programs, are effective in increasing one’s self-esteem.
- Participating in a sports club or community activities
Active participation in social groups can increase an individual’s sense of worth and belonging
Achieving progress within workouts can increase one’s confidence in their ability to complete activities. It can also encourage the development of a positive body image.
- Practicing positive self-talk
Research indicates that positive self-talk can increase one’s self-confidence and self-acceptance. This can also result in an increase in task performance, further encouraging the development of self-esteem.